In the 1790s, huge numbers of European immigrants flocked to Philadelphia, the capital of the young American republic, and the country’s commercial and cultural center. One eager new resident, advertising himself as a “pastry cook from Paris,” was Etienne Simonet. At his shop, on S. Second Street near Lombard, opposite the covered shambles of the New Market (now Headhouse Square), patrons could buy pies of venison, gammon, and poultry. Simonet put out the word that his tarts, roasted on a spit, had a “goodness he can vouch for, as he makes them in a manner peculiar to himself.”
During the 19th century, Philadelphia’s waterfront was lined with wharves which were operated by numerous shipping lines. Smaller vessels designed for domestic use, called packet boats, carried mail, packages, and a limited number of passengers to major cities across the Eastern seaboard. Morris Sheer, a parishioner at Gloria Dei, was one of the first captains of the line of packets that ran between Philadelphia and Charleston.
As a young man in Maryland, Charles Willson Peale felt he could do just about anything. Evidently, he was correct.
Today, he’s known mostly for more than 1,100 paintings of Revolutionary War colleagues and notables he created. Over 100 of them are in the Second Bank of the U.S. at 420 Chestnut Street.
But Peale, who never saw a painting before he was 20 years old, was far more than a painter. He was also an inventor, a silversmith, a watchmaker, a soldier, and a leader in just about everything he touched.
When I began writing a story about the 11 Pennsylvania historical markers in Queen Village, it seemed like a pretty simple assignment:
Go to the various sites, research the subjects and plot the spots on a map so our readers could find them.
But it didn’t turn out to be that easy. Why? The very first place I went to – 502 S. Front Street – the home of Francis Daniel Pastorius – was missing its historic plaque.
And I have no idea where it is.
Like many Philadelphians, I’ve long known of James Forten’s reputation as a successful black sail-maker and businessman.
But I had no idea how loyal, courageous and generous he was. After doing more research on him, I’m ready to place him high on the list of Philadelphia’s civic heroes.
U.S. Navy Lieutenant Stephen Decatur, who grew up in Philadelphia [in a house on Front Street in Queen Village], became an American hero for having led the nighttime raid by sailors who torched the frigate Philadelphia in Tripoli harbor.
Enjoy 3 magnificent buildings in 3 different styles … all within 300 steps of each other
Most of us know our city is chock-full of historic Colonial buildings, such as Independence Hall, Carpenter’s Hall and Christ Church.
But few realize Philadelphia is home to three architectural masterpieces – as eclectic and extraordinary as you’ll find anywhere in the world – all bunched together on N. Broad Street.
What’s more, these three marvels are all designated as U.S. National Historic Landmarks.
On June 18, 2015, neighbors gathered at the Twisted Tail to hear Michael Schreiber speak about the history of Headhouse Square. The following article has been excerpted from his talk. Schreiber’s book, “Unsinkable Patriot: The Life and Times of Thomas Cave in Revolutionary America.”
Whether you call Robert Smith a master builder, architect or just a magnificent carpenter, one thing is clear…
If you removed his many stunning Philadelphia buildings – including 8 churches – our city would be far less beautiful and impressive.
As it is, this Scottish immigrant from a family of masons has been called the most important builder/architect in the colonies. But possibly because his last name is so common, he’s simply not that well known today.
Among the 52 projects he created in his 29-year work history, though, are some of Philadelphia’s most important buildings.
For almost three hundred years, the eastern edge of “Queen Village” was a nexus of commerce and domesticity. Direct access to the river offered trades such as merchants, ship captains, joiners, and sail makers ample employment opportunities. Other residents supported the economy by working in myriad occupations such as tailors, tavern keepers, blacksmiths, and coopers.
Only a few remnants remain from this bustling time in our neighborhood’s history. In the 1960s, preparation for the construction of I-95 began with the demolition of hundreds of buildings along the eastern edge of Queen Village. Gloria Dei (Old Swedes’) Church, founded by some of our earliest settlers, was fortunately spared the wrecking ball. Other significant structures such as Stephen Decatur’s residence and the Mason-Dixon survey site are acknowledged today by historical markers.
While the following buildings are no longer standing, the stories behind the structures offer insight into this lost history.
Clapboard, frame, or “stick” houses, which used wood for exterior siding, were built in abundance by early Colonial settlers. However, due to their flammable nature, the City of Philadelphia outlawed the construction of wood buildings in 1796. During this time period, the Southwark District municipality governed suburban “Queen Village”. Despite the elevated risk of fire, frame houses continued to be built in Southwark until the District was merged with the City in 1854. Perhaps this difference in zoning laws accounts for the many historic and reconstructed wooden gems present in Queen Village today. Here are stories behind a few of these wonderful homes.
The 1854 Act of Consolidation was passed by the Pennsylvania General Assembly to incorporate all of the townships, districts, and boroughs located in the greater Philadelphia County into the City of Philadelphia. As a result, neighborhoods like Queen Village, which had operated under independent municipalities, officially became governed by the City. To further these efforts, additional legislation was passed to provide uniform names for smaller streets that span across neighborhoods. This list contains some of the alleys, streets, and courtyards in Queen Village that were renamed as part of this remapping project.